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His first systematic work on sexual pathology was published in 1877 in a German psychiatric journal.
His influential work, Psychopathia Sexualis was published in 1886.
Many of these individuals and groups appeared to be embedded within the larger context of conservative religious political movements that have supported the stigmatization of homosexuality on political or religious grounds.
Richard von Krafft-Ebing was a German-Austrian psychiatrist and one of the founders of scientific sexology.
They also stated that modern methods of treatment allow interested homosexuals to change their sexual orientation with a significant degree of success.
Christian right political groups have marketed sexual orientation change directly to consumers.
Indeed, such interventions are ethically suspect because they can be harmful to the psychological well-being of those who attempt them; clinical observations and self-reports indicate that many individuals who unsuccessfully attempt to change their sexual orientation experience considerable psychological distress.
For these reasons, no major mental health professional organization has sanctioned efforts to change sexual orientation and virtually all of them have adopted policy statements cautioning the profession and the public about treatments that purport to change sexual orientation.
Section IV of Psychopathia Sexualis, “General Pathology“, discussed homosexuality in “Diagnosis, Prognosis and Therapy of Antipathic Sexual Instinct.” Krafft-Ebing believed that homosexuality could be either innate or acquired.
In his view, it could sometimes be treated through prevention of masturbation and cure of the neuroses “arising out of the unhygienic conditions of sexual life”, in most cases.