Form of christianity dating back to luther and calvin
It was only as late as the 1540s, when Calvin was in the process of establishing his radical reformed churches, that attitudes began to harden.Catholic leaders became convinced that the Protestants were inflicting irreparable damage on the Church.
The Jesuits, as they came to be called, were a new form of religious order which was not tied down to a monastery but whose members were free to travel anywhere they were sent.
As a result, the Jesuits soon found themselves not only as defenders of the faith but also teachers in high places such as the courts of bishops, princes and popes.
They also stressed blind obedience to the Papacy (called Ultramontanism) for which they became positively disliked by many of the less orthodox Catholics, such as those in France.
The Catholic Church was very slow to reform itself.
It presumed that the Reformation was merely a small hiccup in the greater tapestry of life and that it would soon go away.