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Although the amount of funding allocated to the labor inspectorate was not publicly available, reports indicate that it was insufficient to inspect for child labor nationwide.(55) The number of labor inspectors is insufficient for the size of Bolivia's workforce, which includes over 4.9 million workers.
138 allows children as young as 12 to engage in light work under certain circumstances, Bolivian law does not specify a list of activities that are permissible for light work, or the number of hours children are permitted to work in these activities.(32) Apprenticeships in Bolivia are regulated by Articles 28–30 and Article 58 of the General Labor Law, which requires that apprentices attend school. The Offices of the Child Advocate, required by the Child and Adolescent Code to authorize child work and assist victims of child labor, are also absent or underfunded in many municipalities, leaving some children unprotected and vulnerable to the worst forms of child labor. In addition, the Government lacks a comprehensive child labor policy. "Acceso a la educación." [online] December 18, 2014 [cited March 9, 2015]; This ratio is the total number of new entrants in the last grade of primary education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population at the theoretical entrance age to the last grade of primary education. on Indicators of Forced Labor in the Bolivia Brazil-nut, Cattle, Corn, and Peanut Sectors__9.19 _url=/suplementos/financiero/trabajo-infantil-redujo-Santa-Cruz_0_1834616652 A high ratio indicates a high degree of current primary education completion. However, research could not determine the extent to which trainings included other worst forms of child labor. Children rescued from the worst forms of child labor are often not referred for social services because there are few government-run shelters. "Niños de Ladrillo: Explotación laboral en Alpacoma." La Razón, April 7, 2014. _url=/suplementos/informe/Ninos-Ladrillo-Explotacion-laboral-Alpacoma-informe_0_2027797323 Many criminal law enforcement agencies reported that funding levels were inadequate to carry out their mandates and that they sometimes lacked fuel to conduct investigations.(59) The Government has established mechanisms to coordinate its efforts to address child labor, including its worst forms (Table 8). Key Mechanisms to Coordinate Government Efforts on Child Labor Coordinate anti-trafficking efforts and implement national laws and policies on human trafficking and smuggling.(35, 51, 60) Chaired by the Minister of Justice and comprises eight ministries, the Public Advocate, and NGOs.(51) Coordinate efforts of the Plurinational Council in Bolivia's nine departments. Comprises officials from the FELCC, the MOL, the Ministries of Migration and Education, the Human Rights Ombudsman, and NGO representatives.(10, 35, 60) The National Commission for the Progressive Eradication of Child Labor has been increasingly inactive, and many government agencies and NGOs agree that its central coordinating role has lapsed.(2) Reports also indicate that some of the MOL’s departmental sub-commissions on child labor have not been active, due in part to a lack of resources.(10, 23) The Comprehensive Law against Human Trafficking and Smuggling mandates that the Plurinational Council against Human Trafficking and Smuggling include NGOs. Children in Bolivia engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in mining and the harvesting of sugarcane.(1, 2) Table 1 provides key indicators on children's work and education in Bolivia. Statistics on Children's Work and Education under Article 3(a)–(c) of ILO C. Children produce and harvest sugarcane and Brazil nuts in the departments of Beni, Pando, Santa Cruz, and Tarija, although recent efforts to combat this practice and other factors have reportedly reduced the prevalence of child labor in these sectors.(1, 6, 8, 9) Indigenous children are particularly vulnerable to the worst forms of child labor.(20, 22, 25) Some indigenous Guaraní families live in debt bondage and work on ranches, including in raising cattle, in the Chaco region of Bolivia.(5, 6, 8) Based on reports, this practice may have been reduced in recent years due, in part, to increased attention to the region and land tenure reform.(8) Bolivian children are trafficked to Argentina, where they are vulnerable to commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor in agriculture and the production of textiles.(26-29) Bolivian law requires children to attend school up to age 17. However, attendance rates for secondary education are low, particularly in rural areas and often because children work.(23, 25, 30) The Government has established laws and regulations related to child labor, including its worst forms (Table 4).